The limits of church, the duty of state
Roderick Benns is the publisher of The Advocate. An award-winning author and journalist who grew up in Lindsay, he has written several books including Basic Income: How a Canadian Movement Could Change the World.
“When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist.” — Dom Helder Camara
When we broke the story about many seniors who are falling through the cracks, some spoke up to say this would be a great project for churches to take on. We disagree entirely and are happy to see Kawartha Lakes Paramedic Services begin to fill this gap, thanks to funding from the City for a pilot.
First, let me say that our churches, charities, and non-profits are run by some of the finest people one could ever meet. But it is part of the neoliberal, corporate-first mindset that has normalized the idea of charity to this degree.
The first food bank in Canada opened its doors only in 1981, supposedly a temporary response to a recession. Instead, they have proliferated across Canada as inequality has widened and ordinary Canadians have suffered.
As Iris De Roux-Smith writes in her McMaster University research paper (Food Banks, Food Drives, and Food Insecurity, 2014), “charity creates a relationship of power and dependence rather than of equality and respect.”
This ongoing branding of hunger or other social gaps in our policy as ‘normal,’ and something best left as a matter of charity, must end. Instead we must discuss its roots causes — poverty and social inequality.
There is dignity in having employment and being able to pay one’s own way. People of a certain age will remember having a minimum wage job and being able to pay all one’s basic bills. That is no longer the case now that we have allowed corporations to call the shots. (Corporations are paying about half the tax rate they did in 1971.)
There is dignity in our Canadian policies of free health care; of the Guaranteed Income Supplement for seniors; and perhaps one day soon, a basic income. There is dignity in the other kind of ‘basic income’ we give to millions of families – the Canada Child Benefit. There is no stigma in receiving this money in a modern, social democracy like Canada.
All of those things listed – from jobs, to protective social policies — are different than charity, which robs one of pride, no matter how well-intentioned. So we should be marginalizing the role of churches and charities, not expanding their outreach. We should do this not because they are doing bad work, but because it is the role of a modern, social democratic state like Canada – not charity – to shape the society we wish to live in.